When for various reasons the organism finds it impossible to make the blood return fluidly to the heart, it stagnates, and to make room, the vessel (the vein) is dilated. At first, if the venous return is favored, said dilation disappears and the vein returns to its normal situation. But if this difficulty of venous return lasts too long, the vein dilates permanently. This situation may happen in any vein of the body, but it is more common in the ones located on the legs. Those are the ones known as superficial varicose veins, and are just as concerning as any varicosity should be. Do you know why? well, keep reading to find out.

What Are Superficial Varicose Veins?

Veins are blood vessels that carry blood from the organs and tissues back to the heart. Varicose veins (from the Latin varix, knots) are often large and elongated knotted veins. They are well recognized because they are often seen superficially under the skin and could be blue, purple, red or green in colour. In case of varicose veins, the blood flows more slowly than it would in healthy veins, so that it ends up causing congestion in them.

What Causes Varicose Veins?

Among the main causes of the appearance of varicose veins are two. First, there are defective valves inside the veins, this mainly is because of an underlying veins disease called Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI). The valves are responsible for the circulation of the blood to the heart, so if they do not work properly blood accumulates in the vein causing swelling. You must always remember that varicose veins are a symptom of CVI which is a potentially fatal condition. In CVI, blood clots could form inside a varicose vein, travel to deeper veins and reach the lungs, causing a Pulmonary Embolism.

Varicose Veins Symptoms

  • Edemas: It refers to the swelling in the extremities due to the accumulation of fluids. In this case, to the accumulation of blood by the erroneous operation of the valves of the veins.
  • Heaviness in the legs: If you have a feeling of tiredness in your legs, especially when you spend a lot of time standing, it is probably due to the accumulation of blood in the lower extremities.
  • Cramps: These are characterized by involuntary and painful contractions that affect the muscles of the extremities. In the case of a possible case of varicose veins, cramps will commonly occur in the legs and at night.
  • Leg pain: The intensity of pain in the area affected by varicose veins depends on the severity of the disease. This pain can also occur in other areas where the affected veins direct blood.
  • Darkening of the skin: The violet-colored spots on the affected areas are due to the outflow of red blood cells. These deteriorate the skin and fat which causes the hardening of the skin and pain.
  • Paresthesia: The sensation of tingling or numbness in the extremities occurs mainly when we spend a lot of time in the same position, especially when sitting.
  • Ulcers: In advanced cases, ulcers occur spontaneously in the lower extremities or where the affected area has suffered an injury.  These require hygiene for their healing.

How To Get Rid Of Superficial Varicose Veins

Technology every day becomes more fundamental in many aspects of life, and if we talk about health, it is indispensable. Technology in medicine has made many processes simplify and obtain more positive results, and this is also the case for the treatments of varicose and spider veins. Minimally-invasive procedures are designed to be safer than surgeries, and to cause almost no amount of pain at all.


Also known as vein glue, is a minimally-invasive procedure that consists of injecting this medical adhesive directly into the damaged vein to close it down. This procedure is highly effective, painless, and you can return to your normal routine immediately after the treatment.


Also known as polidocanol injectable foam, is a pre-made sclerotherapy foam which gets injected directly into the damaged vein to help with the symptoms of the varicose veins. This is also highly effective and painless.

Radiofrequency Ablation

This minimally-invasive procedure consists of applying thermal energy into the walls of the veins to modify them, causing them to close down. It is also extremely effective and painless.

Endovenous Laser Ablation

The laser treatment for varicose veins consists of using the laser to produce an inflammatory reaction within the walls of the damaged veins to close them down. This treatment is also highly effective, but causes more discomfort than VenaSeal, Varithena and Radiofrequency Ablation.

FAQs About Superficial Varicose Veins

How to Treat Varicose Veins Today With Modern Technology?

The correct way to treat varicose veins with modern technology is by going to a vein doctor and have them apply to you one of the minimally-invasive procedures such as VenaSeal, Varithena and Radiofrequency Ablation. There is no way of effectively treat varicose veins without the help of a vein doctor. All of the DIY treatments that are found online are useless.

What Are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are dilated veins that are mostly found in the legs, but could appear in any part of the body. They could be blue, purple, green or red in colour, look like knots and form a very tortuous path.

Can Varicose Veins Fully be treated?

Yes, if you go to a good vein doctor and start a treatment, varicose veins will surely disappear.

What Causes Varicose/Spider Veins?

Varicose/Spider veins are caused due to a bad circulation of the blood inside the veins, mostly due to a malfunction of its valves, which makes the blood to pool under them and subsequently dilate the vein.

What Are the Main Causes of Varicose Veins?

The main cause of varicose veins is an underlying vein disease called Chronic Venous Insufficiency which is a potentially fatal condition if left untreated.

Is Varicose-Vein Laser Treatment Safe and Effective?

Yes, it is. Endovenous Laser Ablation is a highly effective and safe treatment for varicose veins, the only drawback is that causes more discomfort than other minimally-invasive treatments such as VenaSeal, Varithena and Radiofrequency Ablation.

Vein Treatment Center Near Me

At Vein Treatment Clinic you will find one of the best Board-Certified vein doctors to treat those painful and probably dangerous varicose veins. They offer some of the best minimally-invasive procedures on the market, so all you need to do is Book An Appointment Now!


The dreaded superficial varicose veins are dilated veins that become inflamed and can be seen through the surface of the skin. Apart from the aesthetic issue and that they can be annoying, it is necessary to consult with the vein doctor, as they could cause other health problems. Varicose veins are produced due to venous insufficiency, that is, due to the inability of the veins in the legs to exert their function of returning blood to the heart. This causes a cluster of blood inside the leg that causes the veins to dilate and can be made visible and/or palpable. More precisely, it can be said that most varicose veins originate because of a dysfunction in the venous valves, some structures located inside the veins that allow the flow of the blood to be always upward (from the legs to the heart). If these valves fail, the calm appelves, that is, that the blood, instead of climbing to the heart, accumulates within the veins of the legs since it can not fight against gravity. The most common clinical manifestations are heaviness of the legs,edema, swelling, appearance of pain and in more advanced stages, the apparition of ulcers. Some of the best treatments for varicose veins are the ones that are minimally-invasive such as VenaSeal, Varithena and Radiofrequency Ablation. One of the best place to go for treatment is Vein Treatment Clinic, where you will find some of the best vein doctors in the country.